柱状图 Bar 作文是雅思作文中比较重要的一种类型。写柱chart 作文时的注意事项有哪些？本文对此做一个总结。
- 如果横轴上有明显的时间流逝，烤鸭要附上柱子的顶点，重点描述柱子的起伏, 写的和线性图类似。
1.表示 “多少” 的动词
2.注明 “最高等级” 和 “比较等级”
第一个/最少 the largest/biggest proportion of
极速彩票APP第二个 the second/next largest/expensive( + 形容词的最高级)
第三 followed closely by
最低/最低 the smallest percent of all
极速彩票APP即在饼图中遇到比例相同或相近的蛋糕。如果有 A B 两个比较对象。
A accounts for the same percentage as B .
The proportion of A is as high as B
A and B contributed equally/evenly to (all )
观察柱chart 时,首先要注意横轴的数据。如果横轴是时间轴或者是年龄趋势,那么我们在主段的基本思路是从左到右; 如果横轴数据是位置、交通等特定专有名词,则可以根据栏目的长度来安排主要栏目的写作思路。本文根据以上分析,做如下总结:
在这篇文章中，我们应该注意 2 列的增减幅度。让我们举个例子:
The charts below show the main reasons for study among students of different age groups and the amount of support they received from employers.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.
You should write at least 150 words.
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The first graph shows that there is a gradual decrease in study for career reasons with age. Nearly 80% of students under 26 years, study for their career. _ This percentage gradually declines by approximately15% every decade. _ Only 40% of 40-49 yr olds and 18% of over 49yr olds studied for career reasons in late adulthood.
Conversely, _ the first graph also shows that study stemming from interest increases with age。 _ There are only 10% of under 26yr olds studying out of interest。 The percentage increases slowly till the beginning of the fourth decade, and increases dramatically in late adulthood。 Nearly same number of 40-49 yr
olds study for career and interest. However 70% of over 49yr olds study for interest in comparison to 18% studying for career reasons in that age group.
在第一个直方图中，我们可以看到蓝色和红色的两列显示出完全相反的变化趋势，所以我们可以在排列数据时描述各自的增减范围, 分别见行首句。这两列的变化幅度比较均匀。当我们计算振幅时，我们可以简单地减去最大值和最小值，然后除以间隔数来获得近似振幅，在描述中, 只需在振幅之前添加表示近似的副词。从句型的角度来看，我们可以选择主谓结构的简单句来实现变化范围的描述，见第一行的句子。
2 \。3 个以上栏目及各种趋势:
极速彩票APPThe graph shows Internet Usage in Taiwan by Age Group, 1998-2000。
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The graph shows changes in the age profile of Internet users in Taiwan between and 2000. 1998
_ The main users of the Internet in Taiwan are young adults between 16 and 30 years old. In 1998, they accounted for more than half of all users. In 1999 the number dropped slightly to 45%, but even in 2000 they were the biggest group. _
_ The second biggest group of users is aged between 31 and 50. _ They made up 41% in 1998, falling slightly to 37% in 2000. When combined with the 16-30 age group, over 94% of users in 1998 were between 16 and 50.
However this number is dropping steadily as more children and older users log on. In 1999, the number of children online quadrupled from 2% to 8%, and it continued to increase in 2000. There were similar increases for older users, rising from 4% in 1998 to 10% in 2000.
In summary, while adults between 16 and 50 still represent the great majority of Internet users in Taiwan, their share is declining as more children and older users join the web.
在第一个主要部分，作者从最长的红色列开始，看到带下划线的句子。然后继续描述第二个主段中蓝色列的数据。在句型选择上，我们发现两段的第一句都使用了主系统表的简单句，所选择的主题也差不多, 所以从高分的角度，我们可以把第2 个主要段落的第一句话的主题改成原来的表达,也就是 31-50 年龄段，效果会比较好。 另外，我们还可以以栏目整体走势为突破口，这样:
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The table below shows the figures for imprisonment in five countries between and 1980. Write a report for a university, lecturer describing the 1930 information shown below. You should write at least 150 words.
The bar graph shows that _ the figures for imprisonment in the five countries mentioned indicate no overall pattern of increase or decrease. _ In fact there is considerable fluctuation from country to country. _
In Great Britain the numbers in prison have increased steadily from 30 000 in to 80,000 in 1980. On the other hand in Australia, and particularly in 1930 New Zealand the numbers fell markedly from 1930 to 1940. Since then they have increased gradually, apart from in 1980 when the numbers in prison in New Zealand fell by about 30,000 from the 1970 total. Canada is the only country in which the numbers in prison have decreased over the period 1930 to 1980, although there have been fluctuations in this trend. The figures for the United States indicate the greatest number of prisoners compared to the other four countries but population size needs to be taken into account in this analysis.
The prison population in the United States increased rapidly from 1970 to 1980 and this must be a worrying trend.
The graph above show information of employment rates across 6 countries in and 2005. 1995
Summarize the information by choosing and describe the main idea, and make comparisons where appropriate。
The graph shows changes in employment rates in six countries between 1995 and 2005，for men and women. _ Overall more and more people of working age are employed, and there have been significant improvements for women, although they leg behind men in entering the workforce. _
_ The most obvious trend in the graph is that women have lower employment rates in most of the countries in the graph. _ For example, in Australia in 1995, 57 percent of men could find work or retain a job, but only 27 percent of women. The difference was even bigger in New Zealand, with 60 percent of women. Even in Switzerland and Iceland, alightly more men than women were in the job market.
_ The second biggest trend in the graph is the improvement in employment between 1995 and 2005. In all countries shown, figures for both men and women improved. The biggest change was in the United Kingdom, from 55 percent of men in 1995 to 73 percent over the ten years period.
Furthermore, the increases in employment rates for women were much higher in New Zealand. The percentage of working women jumped from 25 percent to 42 percent, and in the United States from 45 percent to 61 percent over the decade.
In conclusion, all the countries in the graph showed at least a 12 percent increase in employment rates of both men and women over the ten yeares. While men had relatively higher employment rate throughout the period, more and more women appear to be entering the labour market.
在这张图中，经过观察，我们首先发现了一个总体的趋势，女性的就业率总体上还是比男性低，但是情况在改善, 所有国家的妇女就业率都显著提高。所以我们一上来就可以把握这个大势，描述一下。见第一段划线的句子。但经过进一步的观察和分析，我们发现了另外两个趋势: 一是任何一个国家 2005年的女性就业率都高于 1995年同期; 另一个原因是，在任何一年，所有国家的妇女就业率都大大低于男子。这两种趋势的发现，实际上可以作为两个子趋势，可以作为主段开始时数据描述的突破点。见最后两段划线的句子。
The chart shows the number of mobile phones and landlines per 100 people in selected countries. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given.
The graph shows the number of mobile phones and landlines per 100 users, for selected countries。 _ Overall, most of the countries included in the graph have more mobile phones subscribers than landlines。 _
Most European countries have high mobile phone use。 _ The biggest users of mobile phones are the Italians, with 88 cell phones per 100 people。 _ For example, Italy has twice as many mobile phones as landlines, with 88 mobiles per hundred people compared to 45 for landlines。 Mobile phone use is low in Canada, with fewer than 40 phones per 100 people。 Denmark is also unusual because it has slightly more landlines than mobile phones。
_ However, in some countries, the number of landlines is higher than the number of mobile phones。 _ One example is the USA, where the number of mobiles, at 50 per 100 people, is much lower than the number of landlines, at almost 70 per hundred。 A similar pattern can be seen in Canada。 The highest number of landlines in the graph is in Denmark, with about 90 per 100 people。 In contrast, the lowest figures for fixed lines are in Italy and the UK。
In conclusion, it seems that mobile phone use is higher in Europe than in North America.
在这个柱状图中,我们也通过观察发现了几个趋势: 一是大多数国家使用的手机数量超过了使用的固定电话数量; 二是在欧洲国家,手机的使用远远超过了北美。请看划线的句子。我们在观察图形的时候,如果横轴是位置的话,也需要注意国家的分类,这在高分模型中可以是一个亮点。
另外，建议考生在观察栏目时，要特别注意差距较大的栏目。有时，以这些栏目的数据描述为突破口是一个很好的尝试，上面第2 段中有第2 个下划线的句子被用来描述意大利的数据是一个突破, 因为意大利的两大支柱之间的差距是所有国家中最大的。